Book Review: The Collected Stories of Robert Silverberg, Volume Nine: The Millennium Express (1995-2009) by Robert Silverberg
Robert Silverberg (1935-still alive as of this writing) is one of the longest-running science fiction authors, having made his first sale in 1953. Especially in his early years, Mr. Silverberg has been prolific, with his non-series short fiction alone filling nine sizable volumes. This is the last in that series, but not necessarily the last collection of his short stories.
As the author explains in his foreword and the story introductions, he’s slowed down some as he’s aged, for various reasons. There’s “only” sixteen stories from fourteen years presented here, but most are longer, a few up to novella length.
The opening story is “Diana of the Hundred Breasts” originally written for sale to Playboy, but turned down by them. A wealthy layabout goes to visit his brilliant archaeologist brother at his dig in Ephesus, Turkey. They meet a retired minister who’s touring the area, and the brother takes the other two to see the famous Diana statue of the title. A little later, the archaeologist uncovers what may be the true meaning of the statue, but the brothers are left with more questions than answers.
I found the story so-so. Mr. Silverberg uses tourists as main characters in many of his late period stories, something the Playboy fiction editor chided him for. Even when the characters aren’t tourists as such, the stories often include long sightseeing sections.
He also favors the setting of the very far future and having characters realize just how very old the universe is. Of these tales, I liked “The True Vintage of Eruzine Thale” the best. It’s set in Jack Vance’s “Dying Earth” cycle. Poet and wine connoisseur Puillayne is pulled out of his ennui by three suspicious looking men who claim to be fans of his work. They turn out to be far more interested in Puillayne’s collection of rare treasures, especially the title liquid.
“The Millennium Express” is set in the relatively near future of 2999. Four clones of great men have suddenly begun destroying the remaining treasures of the past. A witness of one of their crimes becomes their pursuer, trying to discover their motivations and prevent them from wiping out the Louvre. It’s a story about letting go of the past.
My choice for the strongest story in this collection is “Defenders of the Frontier” which first appeared in the Warriors collection, which I read previously. A squad of soldiers man a forgotten outpost between their Empire and “the enemy.” No orders or supplies have come to them in years as their numbers dwindled. The enemy, too, has dwindled–they seem to have killed the last one in a thousand mile radius some weeks ago. The soldiers can’t leave their post without orders, but if the enemy is truly gone, then there is no point in remaining.
I was reminded of the anime series Sora wo Oto, also about a small group of soldiers at a seemingly pointless outpost, though its mood is very different.
The final story is “Smithers and the Ghosts of the Thar”, set in India as the British Empire is building railroads there. Young Smithers learns of a legendary sound in the desert, as though there were invisible people there, or perhaps ghosts. He drags his friend Brewster off on an adventure to investigate. They learn the truth behind this mystery, but at a terrible cost.
Several of the stories have scenes of extramarital sex. (Apparently, at one point Mr. Silverberg concentrated on soft porn when the science fiction market was in a slump.) “Beauty in the Night” has rape, child abuse and general physical abuse.
Overall, a high quality collection. Robert Silverberg is a fine writer who has honed his craft over decades, and took his time with these stories. However, I think this volume might do best for older readers who have some life experience to fully appreciate the nuances. Beginners might want to start with one of the earlier volumes.
Disclaimer: The version I read was an Advance Uncorrected Proof, and the final contents might be slightly different–at the very least, the typos fixed.
Book Review: The Book of Cthulhu edited by Ross E Lockhart
Fantasy and horror author H.P. Lovecraft wasn’t a big seller during his lifetime, but the loose setting he created of the Cthulhu Mythos, where humans are only the most recent inhabitants of a cold and chaotic universe, and many of the previous inhabitants are effectively gods, has become one of the most popular sub-genres of horror literature. The twenty-seven stories in this volume are by second- and third-generation Lovecraftian writers.
There’s an encouraging variety of protagonists; professors and prostitutes, hitmen and clergymen. Some of them are from ethnic groups HPL would never have made the heroes of his stories. There’s a variety of tones as well. Of course there’s a number that are straight up creepy horror, but there’s also noir-ish crime fiction and deadpan penny dreadful humor.
The volume opens with “Andromeda Among the Stones” by Caitlín R. Kiernan. A family guards a gate off the Northern California coast; but only one of them was truly born for the job. I found the story rather slight, and one of the weaker ones in the collection.
The closing story is “The Men from Porlock” by Laird Barron. Seven lumberjacks go hunting in the Pacific Northwest. Not all of them are going to be returning. This one makes good use of escalating creepiness, culminating in a scene where a monster makes its menace particularly personal.
Oldest story honors go to Ramsey Campbell’s “The Tugging” from 1976. An art critic in a small British city is having disturbing dreams about Atlantis, which may tie into a comet with unusual gravitation behavior. I’ve read this one before, and it’s interesting as an unintentional period piece. I remember in my youth paging through great bound volumes of yellowing newsprint as the protagonist does here, instead of scrolling through microfilm, or today’s scanned files.
“Black Man with a Horn” by T.E.D. Klein is one of the editor’s favorites, according to the introduction (which is perhaps a little too generous to Lovecraft’s writing skills.) An elderly writer who was a friend of HPL in his youth meets a missionary returning from Malaysia. Over the course of time, the writer learns that at least one thing written by Lovecraft may be uncomfortably close to reality. It is a good story, told well.
I also particularly enjoyed “Lord of the Land” by Gene Wolfe. A Nebraskan teacher is collecting oral history in the Appalachian region. An old man tells him about seeing the “soul sucker”, which seems like a tall tale at first…but it’s actually a warning. This one held my attention fast.
Overall, this is a strong collection with many creepy stories and some marquee writers like Elizabeth Bear, Joe R. Lansdale and David Drake. I should mention that one story features incest and marital rape. Recommended to fans of the Lovecraftian type of horror.
Comic Book Review: Showcase Presents the Flash, Volume 4 edited by Julius Schwartz
The Flash is Barry Allen, a police detective who was working during a thunderstorm one night when a bolt of lightning struck a shelf of chemicals, spilling the mixture on him. Barry quickly realized that he’d been gifted with super-speed, making him the fastest man alive. Taking inspiration from a comic book hero of his youth, Barry Allen protects Central City and the world as the Flash!
This fourth volume of the Showcase Presents collection of the series covers from Flash #162-184, 1966-68. The first story in the set is “Who Haunts the Corridor of Chills?” A Walt Disney stand-in is inspecting the new spooky ride at his amusement park when he’s unexpectedly transformed into a rampaging monster. Flash is temporarily handicapped by developing a sudden phobia of dark spooky tunnels. By the end, the story becomes a parable about not jumping to conclusions.
Most of the stories are workmanlike tales of the Flash encountering a criminal or monster, encountering some sort of obstacle that prevents him from simply using his immense speed to solve the issue, and thinking his way through to victory. Barry Allen was very much a “thinking” hero, using his scientific know-how and reasoning abilities as much as his ability to move very fast.
Some have criticized the Silver Age Flash for having a bland personality, but “bland Midwestern science fan” is a personality I see all the time in real life. Barry’s serious but not grim, and even when he loses his temper, it’s in a subdued fashion. This makes him becoming a braggart in the cover story, #177 “The Swell-Headed Super-Hero!” especially jarring. This particular story is also interesting because it’s the only one in the volume where we see Barry performing his day job as a crime scene investigator for more than one panel.
Alas, he doesn’t use any of his science skills on-panel, but instead performs a Ralph “Elongated Man” Dibny-style feat of deduction to solve the “impossible” crime. This story also has a great panel by Ross Andru of horrified civilians seeing the transformed Flash for the first time. (The Silver Age writers loved transforming the Flash.)
The thinness of characterization is perhaps clearer in the villains, who tend to have very similar personalities, leavened slightly by Captain Cold being a would-be ladies’ man, and Abra Kadabra’s need to be the center of attention. (The latter may explain why he appears the most in this volume.)
And then there’s Professor Zoom, the Reverse Flash. He only gets one appearance, but it’s a doozy, as Barry Allen finally gets around to marrying Iris West. Except that Zoom decides to take his similarity to the Flash to the next level by changing his face to Barry Allen’s and impersonating the hero–even to the point of marrying his girlfriend! Barry manages to escape in time and prevent the false vows, but this plotline will define Professor Zoom for years to come.
Barry, very protective of his secret identity, doesn’t tell Iris that he’s the Flash until a year into the marriage! (Flash television show viewers can take heart that this tendency is faithful to the comics.) However, it turns out Iris has known since the wedding night as Barry talks in his sleep. (Wah wah waaaah.) This is directly contrasted with Golden Age Flash Jay Garrick’s relationship with his wife Joan, who was in on the secret from the beginning.
There are a couple of real clunkers in this collection. The first is #167, “The Real Origin of the Flash!” This was the most hated Flash story of its era (and for many years thereafter.) It introduces Mopee, a fumbling “heavenly helper” who somewhat resembles Woody Allen, and claims that he made an error in giving Barry Allen the power of super-speed. He spoils several attempts by the Flash to “re-earn” his powers, before finally getting it right. The reader reaction was so negative that the story was simply not referred to again for decades.
#180-181 “The Flying Samurai” & “The Attack of the Samuroids!” is a fun story that has aged badly. Barry and Iris go to Japan on vacation and the Flash gets involved in a battle against nigh-invulnerable flying samurai robots. So many well-meant but glaring ethnic stereotypes! Among the lowlights: A cute female secretary is named Tushi (a name that doesn’t even work in Japanese); Japanese people speaking broken English even when alone among themselves (particularly annoying with supposed traditionalist Baron Katana); one of Barry’s Japanese friends referring to marital relations as “tender tentacles”; and villain Baron Katana assuming no one will think to look for him at the abandoned castle…that has belonged to his family for generations.
There are a couple of appearances by Golden Age Flash Jay Garrick (once with his friends from the Justice Society of America), a visit from Hal “Green Lantern” Jordan, and a race against Superman that guest stars the Justice League of America. Plus, the first Earth-Prime story, in which Flash winds up in “our” world and meets Julius Schwartz.
The final story in this volume, “Executioner of Central City!” has the Flash apparently destroy his home town in an attempt to save it from a pulsar flare. Of course, this is revealed to be incorrect. The community has in fact moved to the distant future where humans are much larger and “programmed” against aggression. Well, except for their leaders, which turns out to be a design flaw.
There’s some excellent art by long-time Flash portrayer Carmine Infantino, and not quite as good art by Ross Andru.
Overall, a good choice for Barry Allen Flash fans; fans of other versions of the Flash might want to check it out at the library.
In 1995, there was fighting in Bosnia, O.J. Simpson was on trial for murder, and a man named Morrie Schwartz was teaching his last class about life. It met on Tuesdays, and the student was sportswriter Mitch Albom. Twenty years before, Mitch had been Morrie’s student in sociology classes at Brandeis University, and now that Morrie was dying of ALS, he reconnected with his old teacher for a series of conversations.
Like many people, Mitch’s life after college hadn’t gone as planned, his musical career not panning out. After the early death of a beloved relative, his priorities shifted, and he found success in writing about sports. But when he saw Morrie being interviewed by Ted Koppel on Nightline (the first of three interviews), Mitch realized he had lost touch with someone important to him, and the wisdom of that man.
Morrie Schwartz had been an unusual man all along, and had dedicated much of his years to learning how to live his own life. He had developed a set of aphorisms that distilled this philosophy into understandable chunks. When his amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gherig’s disease) began to take away his ability to engage in everyday activities, Morrie sent out his aphorisms into the world to those he thought might be interested. And they brought the world back to him, notably Ted Koppel, and through him, Mitch Albom.
As it happened, a newspaper strike left Mitch with some spare time to come visit his old professor, and he made more time when they reconnected. They decided that Mitch would come again and again on Tuesdays, a day that was special to them, and they would discuss subjects like death and marriage. The plan was for Mitch to write a book the proceeds of which would help pay for Morrie’s substantial medical bills.
This is that book, a bestseller that has spawned a TV movie and stage play, and changed many lives. A new edition has been released for the twentieth anniversary, with a new afterword catching up with what’s happened with Mr. Albom since the end of the book.
The book intersperses valuable lessons about life and related topics with flashbacks to their relationship in college and biographical information about Morrie that helps explain how he became the teacher so admired by so many people.
It’s very well written; the outcome is known from the beginning, so the journey is the important part. If what Morrie has to say sometimes seems trite or cliched, that’s because much of it is things we already knew, even if we ignore them in the hustle and pain of everyday existence.
My one caveat is that sometimes this sort of philosophy has been weaponized against people who are suffering systemic poverty and oppression to tell them that they shouldn’t fight back, but simply accept their lot.
The subject matter of death and dying may be a bit heavy for younger readers, but this book has been used in high school classes.
Recommended for people who haven’t gotten around to this book yet who are interested in philosophy and life lessons.
Disclaimer: I received a copy of this book from the publisher to facilitate this review. No other compensation was offered or requested.
Magazine Review: Haute Dish Spring 2016 edited by Debby Dathe
This pun-titled periodical is the thrice-yearly organ of Metropolitan State University in Saint Paul, Minnesota. It features the artistic (mostly photography) and literary talents of the students there. This issue is thin compared to most college literary magazines I’ve seen, and the written contributions short–the longest doesn’t quite make four pages.
Of the photographs, the one I enjoyed most is Debby Dathe’s “Apprehension”, showing a steep wooded staircase from a kitten’s point of view. Another good one is “Tulip” by Jeremiah Grafsgaard, a dew-sprinkled tulip blossom about to open; this is placed directly opposite the prose piece “Iselder” by Alyssa Kuglin, which is about recovering from trauma and has tulip imagery. The juxtaposition of these two pieces is easily the best editorial decision in the issue.
“The Student Body” by Debby Dathe (again!) struck a nerve with its tale of being chosen last in gym class. But my favorite of the prose pieces was “Evidence” by Gina Nelson, about a person being coached through how to make a screenshot,,,for disturbing reasons. There’s some poetry too, none of which stood out for me.
This magazine will be of most interest to students and alumni of MSU, and perhaps their family. But collectors who take the long view might consider these sorts of things as investments should one of the authors represented hit the big time so that their early student work becomes valuable.
Magazine Review: Ellery Queen’s Mystery Magazine, January 1977 edited by Ellery Queen
Having enjoyed a recent issue of this magazine, I decided to root around for an older copy. This one was published in December 1976, but the cover date was a month ahead. Frederic Dannay (half of the “Ellery Queen” writing team) was still editor at this point, as he would be until 1981!
We open with “Jode’s Last Hunt” by Brian Garfield. Mr. Garfield is better known as the writer of Death Wish, which was turned into a hit movie starring Charles Bronson. This story, his first in EQMM, stars Sheriff Jode, who was a big hero in his Arizona county when he first started. But that was a couple of decades ago, and between competent policing and a naturally low crime rate, Jode hasn’t hit the headlines in years. When a former rodeo and movie star turns eco-terrorist, the near-retirement sheriff sees one last chance at fame. This one was collected in Great Tales of Mystery and Suspense in 1985.
“The Final Twist” by William Bankier is set at a small advertising firm where the boss is a bad person who managed to offend each of his workers individually and as a group. His employees decide he needs to die, but they want to make it look like suicide. How can they best use their skills to this end? This one was turned into an episode of Alfred Hitchcock Presents in 1986.
1976 was the year of the Bicentennial, the 200th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Thanks to that, there was a huge market for stories set during the American Revolution and 1776 in particular. Fitting in one last story on the theme for the year is “The Spirit of the ’76” by Lillian de la Torre. It details a bit of secret history when Benjamin Franklin’s grandson is kidnapped and Dr. Sam: Johnson is tapped to track the lad down, with the help of faithful Boswell, of course. The story perhaps is too eager to have Mr. Boswell praise the inventive American, especially given the political situation. This one was collected in The Exploits of Dr. Sam: Johnson, Detector in 1987.
“To Be Continued” by Barbara Callahan is about a young soap opera fan who discovers that she has an unexpected connection with one of the characters. There’s a surprisingly sympathetic portrayal of a gay man for the time period, but the treatment of mental illness may strike some readers poorly. I did not find any reprints of this one.
“C as in Crooked” by Lawrence Treat is a police procedural starring Detective Mitch Taylor. He’s assigned to look into a burglary involving a very rich and important man (which is why a homicide detective is working a burglary case.) Mitch quickly notices that the person in charge of security for that and several other robbed homes is an ex-police officer. Personal problems for both Mitch and his boss delay the investigation until the next morning, when it has become a murder case. Mitch cracks the case, but he may not get the credit. I did not find any reprints of this one.
“‘Twas the Plight Before Christmas” by Hershel Cozine is a poem parodying the famous A Visit from Saint Nicholas and has Santa Claus being murdered by Ebenezer Scrooge. Don’t worry, kids, there’s a happy ending.
There are two “Department of First Stories” (authors being professionally published for the first time) entries in this issue. “After the Storm” by L.G. Kerrigan is a short piece about a murder during a rainstorm. It’s vivid but slight. “A Pair of Gloves” by Richard E. Hutton is a chiller about a man trying to buy a Christmas present despite the presence of a downer street person who seems to have a grudge against the store. The ending is telegraphed. Neither seems to have been reprinted.
Four brief columns follow, two of book reviews (one blatantly pushing items for sale by the magazine’s publisher), one of movie reviews (The Seven-Per-Cent Solution and Marathon Man are highlighted) and a short interview with Dick Francis, former jockey and famous for his racing-related mysteries.
“With More Homage to Saki” by Isak Romun is a short tale of a wealthy gourmet who will do anything to keep his personal chef working for him, up to and including blackmail. But the chef has prepared his own delicious dilemma. Foodies will enjoy this one best, I think. Another I cannot find a reprint of.
Next up is from “The Department of Second Stories”, where EQMM also bought the author’s second effort. “The Thumbtack Puzzle” by Robert C. Schweik features Professor of Bibliography Paul Engle. During a talk the professor is giving, the narrator (his bookstore-owning friend) discovers that a visiting chemist’s work has been tampered with, and perhaps stolen. There’s only a handful of viable suspects, but which, and can it be determined with only a thumbtack as a clue? The solution hinges on the peculiarities of German typewriters. No reprint here, either.
“Raffles and the Shere Khan Pouch” by Barry Perowne has the gentleman thief (and devoted cricket player) and his sidekick Bunny visiting India. There they run into Rudyard Kipling and Madame Blavatsky while attempting to steal rubies. This is made more complicated by a British diplomatic pouch having gone missing, making the authorities more alert. There’s perhaps a bit too much coincidence for the story to be plausible, and the epilogue spells out who Kipling is for particularly obtuse readers, but Raffles is always a delight. This story was reprinted in Raffles of the M.C.C. in 1979.
“Please Don’t Help the Bear” by Ron Goulart is the sad tale of a Hollywood animator with a fur allergy and a penchant for another man’s wife. Mr. Goulart is perhaps better known for his science fiction, but mostly for his humor, though this time it’s gallows humor. The narrator is his “Adman” character who has a habit of meeting murderers and murder victims and never saving one. This story may or may not be reprinted in Adam and Eve on a Raft: Mystery Stories published in 2001.
“Etiquette for Dying” by Celia Fremlin concerns a woman whose social climber husband has taken ill at a dinner party whose hostess is well above their class. Is he just rudely drunk or is there something more sinister going on? This one is reprinted in A Lovely Day to Die and Other Stories (1984).
And finally, we have a story by prolific author Edward D. Hoch, “The Problem of the Christmas Steeple.” It’s a Dr. Sam Hawthorne story, as the retired physician remembers the winter of 1925. A parson is found stabbed to death in a steeple, the only suspect being the “gypsy” chief found in the steeple with him. But due to physical infirmity, that suspect could not have committed the murder. The treatment of “gypsies” may rankle modern readers, but it’s a story written in the 1970s about the 1920s. This story was reprinted in Diagnosis: Impossible: The Problems of Dr. Sam Hawthorne (1996).
There are also a couple of limericks by D.R. Bensen, typical of the genre.
This is overall a good issue, with some fine writers. You can try combing garage sales, but you might have better luck contacting other collectors.
And now, an audio adaptation of “The Problem of the Christmas Steeple”:
Right up front, I have to say that the title is the most annoying thing about this book. Did anyone ever use “rad” as an adjective unironically? That said, “radical” is not an unfair term to apply to many of the women whose short biographies are written in this volume. There are forty stories set around 30 “countries”, starting with Enheduanna of Mesopotamia, the first named author that we have records of, and wrapping around the globe to Emma Goldman, born in Russia, anarchist and advocate for worker’s rights.
This is a sequel to Rad American Women A-Z by the same creators; the greater scope allows them to have more variety. There are scientists, athletes and entertainers, politicians and even a princess! The book is written for middle-grade girls, but some of the subject matter may be difficult for more sensitive readers. (A couple of these biographies moved me to tears.) Many of the women covered I had heard of before, but a few were new to me.
The papercut illustrations by Miriam Klein Stahl give the book a distinctive, rough-hewn look; it also ties the appearance of the volume together better than a mix of photographs and paintings might have, as there are both historical and contemporary women covered.
This book also wears its politics on its sleeve, obvious in the selection of women to write about. Politically conservative parents might find it uncomfortable that Kasha Jacqueline Nagabasera (fights for gay rights in Uganda) and Buffy Sainte-Marie (anti-war activist) get full entries while such right-wing icons as Margaret Thatcher and Mother Teresa don’t even make the 250 honorable mentions in the back. The poem about “the stateless”, refugees, exiles and others torn from their homelands includes the line “No human being is illegal.”
As is common in collections of short biographies, only the highlights of any given woman’s life are included, and edited according to the author’s intent. Many of these women were controversial during their lifetimes, and some of them are still controversial now. A reader who takes a particular interest in one of the subjects would be well advised to seek out more complete biographies. I’ve previously reviewed biographies of King Hatshepsut http://www.skjam.com/2016/01/20/book-review-the-woman-who-would-be-king-hatshepsuts-rise-to-power-in-ancient-egypt/ and Queen Lili’uokalani http://www.skjam.com/2014/02/21/book-review-lost-kingdom-hawaiis-last-queen-the-sugar-kings-and-americas-first-imperial-adventure/ , for example.
I expect that this book will end up in a lot of elementary school libraries. I’d also recommend this volume to parents of middle-grade kids (yes, boys too, to go with their many books about famous men) with the caveat (or bonus!) that you might want to sit down with them to discuss some of the topics that will come up.
Disclaimer: I received a copy of this book from Blogging for Books for the purpose of writing this review. No other compensation was offered or requested.
Manga Review: Nichijou: My Ordinary Life (1) by Keiichi Arawa
The ordinary lives that all of us lead every day might perhaps be a succession of miracles.
This is the story of four ordinary high school girls living their ordinary everyday lives. Yukko, cheerful but not very bright; Mio, who’s of average intellect and has an artistic streak; the quiet and book-smart Mai; and Nano, who’s a robot with a wind-up key in her back. They all have their little quirks, and strange things happen often, but it’s all a part of ordinary life.
Nichijou (“Everyday”) is a shounen (boy’s) comedy manga that ran from 2006-2015, with an anime adaptation in 2011. There isn’t much of a narrative arc; most of the stories depict short scenes from the lives of one or more characters’ daily lives…strange as those events may be. There are some recurring themes, the most frequent of which is Nano’s desire to blend in with humans, and her frustration with her inventor/ward, eight year old mad scientist Professor Shinonome, who refuses to remove the key in her back.
In this first volume, we are introduced to the main characters as they head to school in the morning (Nano doesn’t quite make it.) Yukko tries to figure out why Mai is ignoring her. Nano has difficulties with new functions the Professor installed in her body. The pretentious Sasahara (drama club president) and hot-tempered Misato (kendo club member) try to decide what to do for the cultural festival.
There’s a school assembly led by Principal Shinonome (who may or may not be related), known for his “dad jokes” and the intensely shy Ms. Sakurai. Yukko witnesses a wrestling match between the principal and a deer–and can never tell anyone. Yukko and Mai play rock-paper-scissors. Yukko and Mio build a card house (this is a silent chapter.) Yukko fails to study for finals, and the questions seem indecipherable.
Yukko tries to finish her lunch despite dropping a key ingredient. Nano and the Professor have cake. Ms. Sakurai tries to enforce school rules on Sasahara. Mio belatedly remembers she drew an embarrassing picture in her notebook when Yukko tries to borrow it. Mio gets a part-time job that sucks. Yukko finally did her homework on time, but didn’t remember to bring it back to school. Nano suffers from over the top comedic reactions due to the Professor’s latest modifications.
The short pieces are usually funny, though some of them rely on Japanese conventions of comedy that might be opaque to newer readers of manga. The lack of focus and chapters where nothing much happens might also make this less appealing to some readers. Also, there’s some slapstick violence.
I especially like the card house chapter, which utilizes suspense and the previously established characterization to build to a silly conclusion.
The art in this first volume is less than stellar, and suffers greatly from “same face”–the artist improved greatly over the course of the series.
A word or two more about the anime: It does not present the sketches in the same order, allowing it to have a plot arc where Nano has to convince the Professor to let her attend school. It also has interspersed gags from the creator’s other series Helvetica Standard, and in the second half of the season, the closing credits feature a different song each time.
I recommend this series for fans of sketch comedy and magical realism.
And now, a music video based on scenes from the anime:
Magazine Review: Astounding Science-Fiction January 1946 edited by John W. Campbell, Jr.
Before Analog (see previous reviews), there was Astounding, the science fiction magazine that led the field for many years. Having gotten a copy of an issue from the pulp days, let’s take a look at what wonders lie within. Despite the cover date, the ads indicate it came out in early December 1945.
The lead and cover story is part one (of two) of “The Fairy Chessmen” by Lewis Padgett (a pseudonym for Henry Kuttner working with C.L. Moore.) It is roughly a century into the future, and the world is at war…again. After World War Two, the governments of Eurasia had crumbled, and reformed as the Falangists. They and America are the two superpowers and implacable enemies. Thanks to atom-bomb-proof shields and robot warfare, the war has stalemated for years.
Most Americans live deceptively peaceful lives in scattered communities on the surface, while the warmen toil in vast underground cities whose actual locations are closely guarded secrets. Low Chicago might be below the ruins of Old Chicago, or anywhere in the Midwest. Of course, in such conditions claustrophobia and other mental illnesses are a continuing concern, and it’s up to the Department of Psychometrics to keep the warmen in good mental health.
Which is why it’s concerning that Cameron, the head of the department, has been having hallucinations of eyeball doorknobs and talking clocks. He’s trying to keep it a secret, but his help is desperately needed by the War Department. It seems they have captured a scientific formula from the enemy, one that drives anyone who studies it mad (sometimes giving them strange powers in the process. For example, the levitating man who thinks he’s Muhammad’s corpse.)
There are time travel shenanigans involved, and one character seems determined to produce a specific future. The title comes from “fairy chess”, variants of the strategy game that use changed rules, such as a knight that can only capture backwards, or a 10×10 board. The formula changes the rules of physics, sometimes in mid-equation, and scientifically trained minds crack under the strain.
A nifty throwaway (probably) bit is the existence of “fairylands”, miniature cities with tiny robots that people play with ala the Sims. There’s also an amusing typo when one character claims he’s “half misogynist” when he means “misanthrope.”
Unfortunately, this novel is long out of print, so I have no idea how it ends. The cliffhanger is neat: “The edges of the spoon thickened, curled, spread into cold metallic lips. And kissed him.”
“N Day” by Philip Latham (pen name of R.S. Richardson) concerns an astronomer who discovers the sun is about to go nova. He tells the world, but is dismissed as a crackpot. (Had there been more time, someone would have checked his math and found him correct.) As a result, he finds his spine for the first time in decades.
“Veiled Island” by Emmett McDowell takes place on Venus (the pulp Venus of swamps and jungles.) A three-person anthropological team goes in search of the title island to investigate reports of a new variant of human. Apparently, unlike Earth, Venus just keeps producing new human variants out of the swamps which then climb up the ladder of civilization as they travel to the other side of the planet.
The Earthlings promptly crash-land, losing their clothing and supplies–they themselves have to start from scratch. While struggling to survive, they run into the new variant of humans they were looking for. A variant that seems destined to replace homo sapiens.
The sexism is pretty thick here, the action guy protagonist denigrates his female colleague for wanting to be treated as an equal, calling her a “tomboy” and the type who would have been a suffragette back in the day. (Apparently something like feminism happened in this future, but he’s not too keen on the results.) Over the course of the story, she comes to realize how awesome he is, and they are planning to get married (in the now considered barbaric Twentieth Century fashion) at the end.
The evolutionary science is suspect–emotionlessness is viewed as a huge evolutionary advantage that will allow the new species to outcompete other humans and replace them.
“A Matter of Length” by Ross Rocklynn (pen name of Ross Louis Rocklin) takes place in a far future with galactic travel. A stable mutation has created a new kind of human, the “double-brained” Hypnos, who have the ability to hypnotize ordinary humans. They are not physically distinguishable from other humans, but can be detected by “Sensitives.” Hypnos face severe prejudice, and there’s a war going on between societies that want to exterminate them and those that tolerate them.
All that is background. A Hypno named Joe has been captured by anti-Hypno forces, and was being shipped back to their planet for a show trial and execution when the ship went off-course and landed on a planet where time has gone wonky. There’s a paranoid belief among some of the crew that Joe somehow caused this, or is making them hallucinate this, despite the anti-mind control forcefield surrounding his cell. Eventually, the time wonkiness allows Joe to escape, and he rescues the two people on the ship who are not entirely anti-Hypno.
It turns out that Hypno powers have been vastly exaggerated as propaganda by the anti-Hypno forces; Joe never actually uses his mind control abilities during the course of the story. It’s the holding cell force field that gives him the temporary advantage he needs as it shields him from the time wonkiness for a while. Keitha, the Sensitive woman who tracked him down, is dismayed to learn that she’s next on the extermination list after all the Hypnos have been eliminated (as Sensitives are Hypno/ordinary human crossbreeds.)
Apparently, there are also longevity treatments in this future, as the captain of the anti-Hypno ship holds a grudge against the Hypnos for the death of his daughter nearly a century before, with the war starting later. (It’s a “failure to save” instance–a doctor who was secretly a Hypno couldn’t cure the daughter from a fatal disease, and when his secret was revealed, he was lynched for deliberately killing a human girl.)
“The Plants” by Murray Leinster takes place on a planet with only one form of life. Plants with flowers that follow the sun…or anything unusual that happens. Four men whose spaceship was sabotaged crash-land on the planet. Are they more in danger from the pirates that sabotaged the ship for its precious cargo…or from the plants? A story that has some creepy moments, and could have gone full on horror if the author wanted.
“Fine Feathers” by George O. Smith is the final fiction piece. It’s a science fiction retelling of the fable “The Bird with Borrowed Feathers” usually ascribed to Aesop. A ruthless businessman discovers a way to artificially boost his intelligence by energizing his brain. The process renders the user sterile (somehow) but since he wasn’t interested in having children, Wanniston considers that a small price.
Being superhumanly intelligent gives Wanniston a huge advantage over his fellow Earthmen, and he is soon the most powerful businessman on the planet. But he yearns for more, and when a suicide trap makes it untenable for Wanniston to stay on Earth, he decides to join Galactic civilization, where dwell people who have come to super-intelligence by eons of evolutionary processes. He keeps using the brain energizer, and is soon even more intelligent than the Galactic Ones.
Being logical beings, the Galactic Ones recognize Wan Nes Stan’s (as he now calls himself) superior intellect, and are willing to install him as their leader…as soon as his experience catches up to his intelligence in a few centuries. Wan Nes Stan tries to shortcut the process, only to discover his true limitations and destroy himself.
The story bookends with identical dialogue at the beginning and end, which would be effective if the language in those conversations wasn’t so stilted. It also uses the 10% of your brain gimmick (which admittedly was less debunked back then.)
John W. Campbell’s editorial “–but are we?” is prescient on the subject of nuclear proliferation though thankfully humanity has survived so far.
There are two science fact articles. “Hearing Aid” by George O. Smith is a very short piece on radio proximity fuses. “Electrical Yardsticks” by Earl Welch is about the international standards for the volt, ampere and ohm; how they were decided, and how they are maintained. Lots of math here, and possibly the technology is dated, but likely fascinating reading if you want to know more about electrical engineering.
I liked the Leinster piece best because of the thin line it walks between horror and SF; “The Fairy Chessmen” has some great imagery, but with only part one I can’t judge its full effectiveness.
Overall, an average issue, but well worth looking up for old-time science fiction fans.
Book Review: Kaiju: Lords of the Earth edited by Essel Pratt
Kaiju (“strange beast”) is primarily a subgenre of the monster movie that became codified in Japan. They’re mostly gigantic monsters that are nigh-unstoppable by conventional armaments, and run around destroying cities or fighting other giant monsters. The seeds of the story type were sown in the original King Kong movie, but it was Gojira (“Godzilla”) that codified it, and inspired most of the later examples.
This is a collection of sixteen short stories and poems on the theme of kaiju, all appearing here for the first time. The book opens with “Call of the Vailathi” by John Ledger, a poem that cautions that even when the kaiju is on your side, it is still a destructive force. …At least it has a rhyme structure, that’s good. The closing tale is “Unleashed in the East” as fracking releases a monster from the Java Sea, and two airline pilots must make a decision between saving themselves and saving the world.
I really enjoyed “The Wolf and the Rabbit” by Alice J. Black, in which a disaffected pub worker connects with another random survivor, and finds the will to do what must be done in this crisis. If the monster seems too easily dispatched, there are hints it wasn’t the only one.
Also good is “Frankentop” by Amanda M. Lyons, which is told from the perspective of an artificial intelligence that both wants to be loved, and to protect itself. Unfortunately, the latter is easier than the former. Internet references abound.
“I Awoke…Wutoomba!” by Roy C. Booth homages the Marvel monster comics of the late Fifties and early Sixties. Jack Lieiber, writer of fantastic fiction, travels to a South Seas island and runs into an assortment of stock characters, including the title monster. This one is mostly going to please Marvel fanboys who get all the in-jokes.
Most anthologies have a dud or two, but seldom to the level of “The Plastic Centipede” by R.T. Sirk. The monster itself is a cool idea, a giant centipede made of discarded mannequin parts and the vengeful spirits of a gangster’s victims. But spellchecker typos, misplaced commas, badly structured sentences and characterization by telling, not showing make this story come off like the first draft of a fanfic, rather than a professionally published story. This is clearly a failure of editing, as these banes of small press publishing should have been caught early on.
“A Day at the Racetrack” by Essel Pratt is also sub-par, as waste in a stock car racetrack’s inner pond turns animals giant-sized. Regional stereotypes are played for broad humor, as are potty jokes.
The rest are decent enough stories. Due to the very uneven quality, I would recommend this book only to kaiju fanatics or fans of a particular author for that one story.